Naturally Timber uses only naturally felled, plantation-grown or reclaimed species. Here are our most commonly used timbers, however we source others for specific requirements.

AMERICAN OAK

BOTANICAL NAME: Quercus Alba
COLOUR: Pale Straw to Pale Brown
CHARACTERISTICS: Relatively hard and moderately heavy timber. American Oak has a tight grain pattern that tends to run in a V shape rather than in straight lines. Easy to work with and responds very well to stains and polishes.

AMERICAN WALNUT

BOTANICAL NAME: Juglans nigra.
COLOUR: Dark brown to purplish-black.
CHARACTERISTICS: Widely distributed throughout central and eastern USA. Used mainly for decorative veneers, but also sought-after for fine furniture. Moderately hard with a course texture that’s easily worked. Usually fine-grained and finishes well, taking an excellent polish.

AUSTRALIAN RED CEDAR

BOTANICAL NAME: Thuja plicata.
COLOUR: Pale brown to reddish-brown centre; yellowish-white outer.
CHARACTERISTICS: Native to South Coast NSW and Norfolk Island.

BLACKBUTT

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus pilularis.
COLOUR: Pale brown, sometimes pink-tinged.
CHARACTERISTICS: Popular hardwood from plantations along the New South Wales coast.

BLACKHEART SASSAFRAS

BOTANICAL NAME: Atherosperma.
COLOUR: The bark is grey to light brown.
CHARACTERISTICS: Southern Sassafras normally grows 6-25 metres high, but exceeds 40 metres in Tasmania.

BRUSHBOX

BOTANICAL NAME: Tristiana Conferta.
COLOUR: Pinkish-grey to rich reddish-brown. Reclaimed timber tends to have a deeper and richer colour, depending on age and exposure.
CHARACTERISTICS: Large hardwood tree native from the NSW Central Coast to the Qeensland North-East Coast. Silicate in cells contributes to weather and decay resistance, especially suitable for outdoor furniture. Reclaimed timber is sourced from old wharves, railway carts and sleepers.

CAMBIA OAK

BOTANICAL NAME: Cambia.
COLOUR: Rich brown due to carbon content, but varies depending on treatment temperature and time (see below).
CHARACTERISTICS: Cambia is a heat treament process that improves decay resistance and dimensional stability, making oak more durable and less likely to distort. It also extends the life of finishes.

CAMPHOR LAUREL

BOTANICAL NAME: Cinnamomum camphora.
COLOUR: From light brown to deep roasted brown, often streaked with darker brown or red. Sapwood ranges from near-white to dark browns and reds.
CHARACTERISTICS: Interlocked moderately fine grain with an even texture. Used for tables, benchtops, shelves, lining boards and turned or hand-carved bowls.

ENGLISH ELM

BOTANICAL NAME: Ulmus bollandica/Ulmus Procera
COLOUR: Heartwood is a light to medium brown
CHARACTERISTICS: The tight-twisted grain provides exceptional strength, durability and water resistance. Uses include furniture, boat-building, flooring and coffins.

EUROPEAN BEECHWOOD

BOTANICAL NAME: Fagus Sylvatica
COLOUR: Ranges from goldish-brown to light pinkish-cream.
CHARACTERISTICS: A popular commercial timber for furniture, decorative detailing, flooring and veneer on musical instruments. The grain is straight with a fine and even texture, making the timber harder than Oak after seasoning but not difficult to work, and suitable for steam bending.

FIJIIAN MAHOGANY

BOTANICAL NAME: Swietenia macrophylla.
COLOUR: Pinkish to pale brown with reddish-brown streaks, becoming darker and more uniform with exposure to light.
CHARACTERISTICS: Torn and chipped grain is common with figured material. Easy to work by hand and with machine tools, easy to finish and polish. Can be sliced and rotary cut into fine veneer.

GREY IRONBARK

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus paniculata & Eucalyptus siderophloia.
COLOUR: From light grey to light chocolate, sometimes with darker reds and browns.
CHARACTERISTICS: Eucalyptus paniculata grows from the NSW far south coast to north of Coffs Harbour. Eurcalyptus siderophloia grows from southern coastal NSW to just north of Brisbane in Queensland.

JARRAH BURL

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus Marginata
COLOUR: Light red to red-brown to dark brick orange-red. Tends to darken with exposure to light
CHARACTERISTICS: Prized among wood turners for its tight knots, swirling grain and rich colour. A Jarrah burl is commonly a rounded outgrowth on the trunk or a branch.

MACKAY CEDAR

BOTANICAL NAME: Paraserianthes toona
COLOUR: Rich red with straw-coloured streaks causing a straight pattern on the longitudinal surface
CHARACTERISTICS: Moderately semi-hard timber with pronounced vassel lines and occasional curly grain.

OREGON (DOUGLAS-FIR)

BOTANICAL NAME: Pseudotsuga menziesii
COLOUR: Light yellow to medium brown
CHARACTERISTICS: Native to eastern USA, and plantation-grown in Australia. A popular softwood used for building frames, floors and cabinets. Adds a rustic look to furniture, especially with knotholes and nail and putty marks from reclaimed timber.

QUEENSLAND ROCK MAPLE

BOTANICAL NAME: Flindersia brayleyana
COLOUR: Pinkish brown to mid-brown
CHARACTERISTICS: A large hardwood tree native to Northern Queensland, it is relatively hard with a slightly course grain and often has a fiddleback figure.

RIVER RED GUM

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus Camaldulensis Dehnh.
COLOUR: Pinkish red to deep red
CHARACTERISTICS: Australia’s most common eucalypt. Grows along the rivers and streams of the Murray Darling basin. Durability and termite resistance make it popular for heavy duty applications. Hardness and interlocking grain make it difficult to work, yet enduring with a beautiful lustrous finish. Often reclaimed from old railway sleepers, wharves and mine shafts for re-use in furniture manufacturing.

SPOTTED GUM (LEMON-SCENTED EUCALYPT)

BOTANICAL NAME: Corymbia Maculata
COLOUR: Light honey to dark brown with grey tones and occasional purple streaks
CHARACTERISTICS: Among the world’s hardest timbers, suitable for structural and high-impact applications, such as tool handles. The attractive grain can have a fiddleback pattern and gum veins.

SYDNEY BLUE GUM

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus Globulus
COLOUR: Pale pinkish straw to blue/greenish brown
CHARACTERISTICS: Native to south-eastern Australia, but also plantation-grown in other countries. Grain structure varies, but mostly wavy and fiddleback. Exceptional strength makes it ideal for furniture. Traditionally used for heavy construction (eg. bridges and and railway sleepers).

TASMANIAN BLACKWOOD

BOTANICAL NAME: Acacia Melanoxylon
COLOUR: Light brown to dark brown, sometimes with a reddish tint and black streaks
CHARACTERISTICS: Wattle hardwood, native to Tasmanian wetlands. A favourite for furniture because of its high resilience and ease to work. The attractive irregular grain can be finished into a smooth and lustre.

TASMANIAN OAK

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus Delegatensis.
COLOUR: Cream to light pinkish-brown
CHARACTERISTICS: Easy to work, popular for furniture and construction. Excellent staining quality assists colour matching with other timbers and furnishings.

VICTORIAN ASH

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus regnans
COLOUR: Pale pink to straw
CHARACTERISTICS: Consistent medium-density hardwood. Applications include furniture, plywood, joinery, panelling, construction and agricultural implements.

WESTERN AUSTRALIAN JARRAH

BOTANICAL NAME: Eucalyptus Marginata
COLOUR: Dark red to dark brown
CHARACTERISTICS: Unique to Western Australia, and highly regarded worldwide for its hardness, durability and resistance to fire and termites. Used for heavy-duty construction, it has a course texture that yields a rich colour after finishing.

WESTERN AUSTRALIAN MARRI

BOTANICAL NAME: Corymbia calophylla
COLOUR: Creamy brown to honey with black gum lines
CHARACTERISTICS: Distinctive veined appearance makes this timber popular for furniture.